randRange(100, 9999) NUMBER_SEED.toString().length rand(2) === 0 ? randRange(4, 7) : randRange( -1 * NUMBER_SEED_LENGTH - 4, -1 * NUMBER_SEED_LENGTH ) ZEROES + ( NUMBER_SEED_LENGTH - 1 ) NUMBER_SEED / pow( 10, E - ZEROES ) floor( BASE ) ( BASE + "" ).substring( 1 ) ZEROES > 0 ? NUMBER_SEED * pow( 10, ZEROES ) : ( NUMBER_SEED * pow( 10, ZEROES ) ).toFixed( -1 * ZEROES ) commafy( DECIMAL ) BASE + " \\times 10^{" + E + "}" \newcommand{\exponentColor}[1]{\color{purple}{#1}}\newcommand{\leadingColor}[1]{\color{green}{#1}}

Express the top number in scientific notation by dragging the decimal point in the bottom number:

init({ range: [ [ -8, 14 ], [ -1, 3 ] ], scale: [23, 45] }); graph.decimalPlace = E; graph.digits = []; for ( var i = -5; i < 0; ++i ) { graph.digits.push( label( [ i - 0.5, 0 ], "\\Huge{0}" ) ); if ( i >= E ) { label( [ i - 0.5, 2 ], "\\Huge{0}" ); } } $.each( integerToDigits( NUMBER_SEED ), function() { graph.digits.push( label( [ i - 0.5, 0 ], "\\Huge{" + this + "}" ) ); label( [ i - 0.5, 2 ], "\\Huge{" + this + "}" ); ++i; }); for ( ; i < 11; ++i ) { graph.digits.push( label( [ i - 0.5, 0 ], "\\Huge{0}" ) ); if ( i <= E ) { label( [ i - 0.5, 2 ], "\\Huge{0}" ); } } label( [ 0, 1 ], "\\large{=}" ); graph.exp = bogusShape; addMouseLayer(); graph.decimal = addMovablePoint({ coord: [ graph.decimalPlace, -0.3 ], snapX: 1, constraints: { constrainY: true }, normalStyle: { fill: KhanUtil.BLUE, stroke: KhanUtil.BLUE } }); style({ stroke: null, fill: "black" }, function() { ellipse( [ E, 1.7 ], [ 4 / 23, 4 / 45 ] ); }); var setDecimal = function( place, exp ) { var i; if ( place <= 0 ) { for ( i = -5; i < place-1; ++i ) { graph.digits[i + 5].hide() } while ( i < NUMBER_SEED_LENGTH ) { graph.digits[ i + 5 ].show() ++i; } graph.exp.remove(); graph.exp = label( [ i - 1, 0 ], "\\color{gray}{\\huge{ \\times 10^{\\color{" + BLUE + "}{" + exp + "}}}}", "right" ); while ( i < 11 ) { graph.digits[i + 5].hide() ++i; } } else { for ( i = -5; i < 0; ++i ) { graph.digits[i + 5].hide() } while ( i < place || i < NUMBER_SEED_LENGTH ) { graph.digits[i + 5].show() ++i; } graph.exp.remove(); graph.exp = label( [ i - 1, 0 ], "\\color{gray}{\\huge{ \\times 10^{\\color{" + BLUE + "}{" + exp + "}}}}", "right" ); while ( i < 11 ) { graph.digits[i + 5].hide() ++i; } } }; setDecimal( E + 1, 0 ); graph.decimal.onMove = function( x, y ) { if ( x < -5 || x > 10 ) { return false; } var exp = E - x; setDecimal( x + 1, exp ); };

As you move the decimal point, the exponent will automatically change so both numbers are always equal.

Move the decimal point in the bottom number by dragging it left or right.
E - graph.decimal.coord[0]
if ( guess === 0 ) { return ""; } return guess === E;

To write PRETTY_DECIMAL in scientific notation, move the decimal to the rightleft so the number is greater than or equal to 1, but less than 10.

Moving the decimal to the rightleft abs( E ) plural( "place", abs( E ) ) leaves us with BASE.

Moving the decimal to the rightleft abs( E ) plural( "place", abs( E ) ) is the same as multiplyingdividing by ten abs( E ) plural( "time", abs( E ) ). Therefore, to counteract moving the decimal, we need to dividemultiply by ten abs( E ) plural( "time", abs( E ) ) — which is the same as multiplying by 10^{E}.

PRETTY_DECIMAL in scientific notation is \color{PINK}{BASE}\times \color{BLUE}{10^{E}}.

var place = graph.decimal.coord[0]; $({ 0: place }).animate( { 0: 0 }, { duration: abs( place ) * 50, easing: "linear", step: function( now, fx ) { now = round( now ); graph.decimal.setCoord([ now, -0.3 ]); graph.decimal.onMove( now, -0.3 ); } });